Rules of cricket | rules for cricket | laws of cricket

Rules of cricket|rules for cricket|laws of cricket

The object of the game is for your team to score more runs than the opposing team.

Rules of cricket

Basic laws of cricket:-

  1. Teams are made up of 11 players, with one substitute in case of injury.
  2. At the beginning of the game, a coin toss is used to determine who bats first.
  3. The fielding team will put all 11 players on the field, whilst the batting team will send out two Batsmans.
  4. If a bowler bowls the ball high, wide or throws a no ball this automatically scores one run.
  5. If the batsman hits the ball along the floor and it reaches the boundary, this scores four runs automatically without running.
  6. if the batsman hits the ball in the air and it goes over the boundary, this scores six automatic runs.This is the highest scoring play in cricket.
  7. It’s the job of the fielding team to get the Batsman out of the game.
  8. The fielding team can designate specific players to bowl the ball towards the batsman.

Rules for batsman’s:-

  • Batsman always work in pairs, and a batsman cannot bat alone.
  • The Batsmans job is to score runs and defend their wickets.
  • These wickets are three wooden stumps with two wooden bails resting on top of them.
  • They try and hit the ball away from the wickets, and to run to their partner’s crease.
  • If a batsman hits the ball and both men safely run to the opposite crease, this scores one run.

 

Rules for bowler’s:-

  • A bowler must deliver 6 legal bowls to a batsman.
  • Once 6 legal bowls have been played, this is known as an over.
  • Once an over is complete, a new bowler will then try and get the other Batsman out by bowling the ball from the other side.
  • To bowl the ball, the ball must be bowled overarm and be within the channel of play.

Types of getting out:-

In Cricket, there are 10 ways for a fielding team to get you out.

  1. Bowled out. If the bowler bowls the ball and it hits the batsmans wickets and knocks over the bails, he’s been bowled out.
  2. Caught Out. If the batsman hits the ball in the air and it’s caught by a fielder, he’s been caught out.
  3. Run Out. If the batsman runs for his partners crease and the ball is thrown into the wickets before the batsman gets there, he’s been run out.
  4. LBW (Leg before Wicket). If the ball hits the batsmans leg, and the umpire thinks that the ball would have hit the wickets if his leg wasn’t in the way as he is ruled out by LBW (Leg Before Wicket).
  5. Stumped Out. If the batsman swings and misses the ball, the wicket keeper can catch the ball and push the ball into the wickets. If this happens before the batsman can return to the crease, he’s been stumped out.
  6. Hit Wicket. Accidental Out On the rarest of occasions, a batsman can get himself out or his own partner out by accidentally hitting the wickets themselves.
  7. These include hitting the ball twice in one stroke,
  8. handling the ball,
  9. obstructing a fielding player, 
  10. taking too long to take to the field Once a batsman is out.

Once 10 players are out, the players switch sides so that the Batsman are now the fielders and vice versa.

The highest run total after both sides have had their turn to bat, wins.

That’s basically the game in a nutshell, but there’s a few other things you’ll need to understand.

Format of Cricket:-

Once both teams have finished batting at this is known as an innings. The amount of overs and innings vary depending on the format of cricket.

T20 cricket:-

each team is given 20 overs, for one innings.This game generally lasts about 3 hours.

One Day Cricket:-

each team is given 40 or 50 overs for one innings.As the name implies this game generally lasts a day.

Test cricket:-

In Test Cricket, there are no limits for overs and the game ends theoretically when all Batsman are out, and is usually played for two innings.

This game can last anywhere up to 5 days and is the longest form of cricket.

If you’re new to Cricket, I highly recommend watching highlights of any Indian Premier League Game to start out with.

If you’re watching Cricket on TV, they’ll will tell you how many runs have been scored, how many Batsman are out, and they’ll even tell you what the other team scored and how many runs are required.

Cricket might seem like a slow game, but as you watch or play it as the rules will become clear.

Dimensions of cricket

Now let’s discuss on the dimensions of cricket:-

Rules of cricket no ball:-

No ball 

No Ball One of the things bowlers hate is bowling a “no ball”, Here’s the most common form…The bowler’s front foot has landed beyond the popping crease…

If the umpire spots this, he’ll call a no ball .

The front foot must land with some part, whether grounded or raised, behind the popping crease.

The bowler’s front foot must also not cross an imaginary line joining the two middle stumps…And the bowler’s back foot must also land within and not touching the return crease…

But, this is cricket, so things don’t stop there.

Types of no ball:-

  1. The umpire will also call a no ball if…
  2. The bowler throws the ball…
  3. The bowler changes his method of delivery without telling the umpire…
  4. The bowler bowls underarm…
  5. The ball bounces more than twice before reaching the batsman…
  6. The ball comes to rest in front of the batsman’s wicket…
  7. And, if the bowler hits his own stumps while delivering the ball.

For an even more precise definition of when a ball is a no ball,see law 24 in the MCC’s “The Laws of Cricket”. 

Wide ball:-

Wide ball

How much do bowlers hate wide? This much…and more! So what constitutes a wide ball?

  • A nutshell definition might be that the ball is not close enough to the batsman for him to be able to hit it.
  • It’s as much to do with the position of the batsman, as the wickets.
  • If the batsman brings the ball sufficiently within reach, by stepping towards it… Then the same ball would not be judged a wide.
  • However, that doesn’t mean that the batsman can force a wide decision by stepping away from the ball.

For a closer inspection of the laws concerning a wide ball, refer to Law 25 in the MCC’s: The Laws Of Cricket. 

lbw(leg before wicket):-

Lbw(leg before wicket)

LBW is a bit like the offside rule in football — many people claim to know it, but how many really do?

Our handy checklist means that, whether you find yourself umpiring an international test match, or the kids on the beach — your reputation for fairness will remain intact.

There are 5 basic criteria to consider. The batsman is out LBW if:

  1. The bowler bowls a ball that isn’t a no ball.
  2. The ball, if it is not intercepted on the full, pitches in line between wicket and wicket, or on the off side of the batsman’s wicket.
  3. The ball hits the batsman, either full pitch or after pitching and before he hits it with his bat
  4. This is where it gets a bit more complicated. If the batsman was making a genuine attempt to play the ball, the point of impact must be between wicket and wicket for LBW to be an option.
  5. This is the crucial part — but for the interception by the batsman, the ball would have gone on to hit the stumps

However, if the batsman has made no genuine attempt to play the ball, the contact must either be between wicket and wicket or outside the line of the off stump.

Any questions ? — just refer to Law 36 in the blue book. 

Boundary Catching

Boundary catching

 In cricket a catch is considered to be fair, if the fielder is within the field of play and the ball hasn’t touched the ground before he catches it.The fielder must have complete control both over the ball and his own movement. Can a batsman be caught over the boundary?

Well, this is cricket — the answer is yes, and no.

  • If the fielder catches the ball, with part of his body grounded outside the field of play… Then the lucky old batsman is not only not out, but also scores a six!
  • However, if, in the same situation, the fielder had leapt for the ball from within the boundary,
  • but not from outside it, caught it whilst airborne over the boundary, but managed to throw it up in the air before touching the ground.
  • he can then step back into the field of play to complete the catch.
  • It doesn’t matter if the fielder throws it to a team-mate, or to himself.
  • In this scenario, the same batsman who just scored six would in fact have been out! As they frequently say, it’s a funny old game….

For oodles more detail on this subject, take a look at laws 19.4 and 32.4 in MCC’s : The Laws of Cricket. 

run out non striker

Running out the Non Striker Running out the non-striker occurs when a bowler runs out a batsman who has strayed too early out of his popping crease, by removing the bails.

  • It is a controversial practice — with some arguing that the bowler should give the batsman a warning first…
  • But many take the view that if the batsman leaves his crease too early, then he’s trying to gain an unfair advantage…
  • In fact the law doesn’t require the bowler to give a warning and he is entitled to run out the non-striker until he has entered his delivery stride which,
  • in other words, is until his back foot lands… In which case it’s perfectly fair for the bowler to run him out.

Fair game? Or foul play? For more detail on this perfectly legal practice see law 42.15 in the MCC’s : The Laws of Cricket. 

Bye or leg bye:-

Buy and Leg by? When is a run a buy or a leg by? In the case of a buy, it’s simple.

If a ball passes the batsman without being a wide and without touching his or her bat or body, any runs completed unknown as buys.

So what about leg buys?

  • In this case, if a ball comes off any part of the striker except the bat or a hand holding the bat, then runs known as leg byes can be scored.
  • provided that the umpire is satisfied that the striker was either trying to play the ball with the bat or was trying to avoid being is.
  • If the umpire does not think that the striker was either trying to hit the ball or was taking evasive action.
  • he or she will allow the batsman to attempt to run one not purely out of a spirit of general city, but to give the fielding side the chance to affect a run out.
  • After that, the umpire will call and signal dead ball and tell the batsman to return to their original ends, making sure that the scorers know that no runs should be credited.
  • Buys and Leg Buys are added to the total of run scored by the team, but not awarded to the individual batsman.
  • If they are taken off a no ball, they are still recorded as Buys and Leg buys and the batting team is also credited with an extra penalty run for the Noble scored separately as a Noble extra.

It’s all under Law 23 in the Blue Book. So on the subject of Buys and Leg Buys.

Wickets are down:-

Wickets are down

The wicked is down. The wicked is put down when one or both bails are removed from the top of the stumps, or a stump is struck out of the ground.

  • The situation can be brought about in the following ways, By the ball, by the batsman’s bath, by the batsman’s bat if he or she let go of it
  • or even by some flying part of a bat if it breaks by the batsman’s clothing or body. 
  • some part of his or her equipment falling off by a fielder with his or her hand or arm providing the same hand is holding the ball.
  • If the bail merely bounces and comes to rest back on the stumps, then that is not out.
  • The wicked is down at the precise moment that both ends of either bail are removed from the stumps.
  • Right about now, should you have further question questions on this tricky subject

 such as how to put the wicked down when one or both bails have already been removed? Head over to Law 29 in MCC’s, The laws of cricket.

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